By David Armiak and Mary Bottari
Newly revealed documents from the Milwaukee-based Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation show that the foundation gave significant grants to a diverse array of media institutions, including media sites that pursued a highly partisan agenda.
The Bradley Foundation provided crucial funding to "Wisconsin Watchdog" as the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, a right-wing media organization focused on building news bureaus in state capitals across the nation, slowly sank.
The Franklin Center was founded in 2009 with help from the Sam Adams Alliance, a now-defunct new media group founded in 2006 by Wisconsinite Eric O'Keefe. O'Keefe had long-standing ties to billionaire dark money activist David Koch and late Terry Kohler, a secret donor to O'Keefe's various dark money groups. Franklin center staff were hired from both the Sam Adams Alliance and the Kochs' Americans for Prosperity group.
Franklin Center flourished with a huge influx of funds from Donors Trust and Donors Capital, the preferred funding vehicles of the Koch Network of donors that masks the true identity of givers. The Franklin Center reported annual revenue between $7 and $12 million between 2011 and 2015.
In 2011, CMD reported that the Franklin Center claimed to have 43 state news websites with reporters in 40 state capitols. Some outlets, like Wisconsin Watchdog, had received official reporting credentials. In some states, the reporters and news sites were attached to State Policy Network "think tanks," important institutions in the "infrastructure" Bradley was building nationwide.
Newly obtained documents from the Bradley Foundation show that in recent years the Franklin Center has foundered. The number of state offices dwindled to five in 2016 and employees fled the sinking ship when a single, mystery funder withdrew support.
It is a "text book case of imprudent funding," wrote Bradley staff. "Unable to resist the offer of $10M annually from one source, the organization grew beyond its capacity to manage itself, and became too dependent on one funder, making it able to shrug off criticism from elsewhere (including Bradley). Last year, when that funder shifted priorities and the fecklessness of the administration became evident, the organization began to collapse" (Grant Proposal Record, August 16, 2016). The Bradley documents do not say who the mystery funder was, but they do indicate that the group was also funded by the right-wing Searle Foundation with smaller "matching grants" of $35,000.
The decline of the Franklin Center is a blow to efforts by right-wing funders to develop state capitol media sites to compliment right-wing news sites covering politics in Washington, D.C., such as Breitbart News.
A Reliable Partisan Attack Dog
One of last remaining Franklin state news was Wisconsin Watchdog, a site that Bradley deemed "so effective, and such a valuable partner in the state's conservative infrastructure, staff believes it is worthwhile to support the local office..." Between 2010 and 2015, Bradley gave $545,500 to the Franklin Center to support this "valuable partner" as Governor Scott Walker launched an extreme right-wing agenda (Grant Proposal Record, August 16, 2016). (An additional $250,000 went through the Franklin Center to fund a fellowship at the National Review.)
At the time, the Bradley Foundation was run by Michael Grebe, the former general counsel to the Republican National Committee and the chair of Scott Walker's campaign for governor 2010, 2012, and 2014 and for president in 2015.
Wisconsin Watchdog's "editor," "bureau chief," and reporter was Matt Kittle. Under Kittle, Watchdog was a reliable attack dog of Democratic candidates and campaigns and a reliable booster of right-wing policies and politicians. When Bradley staff were unsure if Franklin CEO Nicolle Niely was "up to the job," they still funded Wisconsin Watchdog because it was "so effective and such a valuable partner in the state's conservative infrastructure."
According to the Watchdog website, Kittle wrote over 385 articles on Wisconsin's "John Doe" investigation into coordination between dark money groups like Eric O'Keefe's Wisconsin Club for Growth and the Walker campaign during 2011-2012 Wisconsin recall races. Kittle portrayed a investigation, launched by a bipartisan group of district attorney's and run by a Republican Special Prosecutor, as an untethered partisan witch hunt.
That spin pleased Bradley.
"Wisconsin Watchdog became the state's leading reporter of the John Doe investigation, bringing to light a story of political persecution that is still ongoing," say the Bradley documents. Bradley especially appreciated the fact that Watchdog had "close ties" to "insiders in the Doe" (Grant Proposal Record, November 10, 2015, August 19, 2014).
But for all the ink spilled by Kittle on the John Doe, those "close ties" were rarely discussed. Kittle neglected to discuss:
- that a key source of information on the John Doe, Wisconsin Club for Growth's Eric O'Keefe, was a founder and early funder of the Franklin Center
- that Watchdog's "Director of Special Operations," John Connors, was helping Wisconsin Club for Growth funnel money to sham organizations like Citizens for a Strong America and United Sportsmen, the very subject of the John Doe
By financially supporting Wisconsin Watchdog, Scott Walker's campaign chairman effectively secured a one-sided, 24-7 propaganda arm for the Walker campaign and the dark money groups under investigation. This agitprop was so successful, Kittle's articles were cited as fact by the right-wing majority of the Wisconsin Supreme Court when they shut down the investigation in July of 2015 after failing to develop any fact record in the case.
This the type of "communications" infrastructure Bradley is interested in exporting to other states as CMD detailed in its report "Weaponized Philanthropy" on the Bradley Foundation's infrastructure investments.
Although Wisconsin Watchdog reporter James Wigderson tweeted on April 14, 2017 that "The Franklin Center is shutting down," it appears that Franklin fans are keeping it on life support. In a press release on April 17, Franklin announced that Chris Krug, former editor and manager of the Illinois News Network will be the new President. The Illinois News Network is a project of the Bradley-funded Illinois Policy Institute, a State Policy Network "think tank."
In Bradley world, titles might be interchangeable, but the hard work of spinning disinformation on behalf of Republican politicians and policies must go on.
Click here for our full series on the Bradley Files.
Evan James, Nick Surgey, and Lisa Graves contributed research to this series.